Intelligence Way is Artificial

Curiosity has always eluded man. This has led to many inventions and discoveries. One of the finest examples of man’s inventions is computer. Automatically a picture comes to our mind. They are able to do huge computations, repetitive and boring jobs that took us long time.
Exactly what the computer provides is not the ability to be rigid or unthinking. But rather to behave conditionally; sometimes this way, sometimes that, as appropriate. This means applying knowledge to action. Believe it or not, even here, attitude matters the most. We ask these machines to do the job that we already know and do. But we want them to do faster and more accurately.

The irony is we humans are trying to produce intelligence through artificial ways. Its just the science of producing machines (making machines) that have intelligence and a bit of common sense. It’s about how you program a system so that it behaves like humans. They can think, process information, can take decisions and act accordingly. Yes, we prefer illusions to reality.

History could be associated with early age Egyptians but this got its formal name ‘Artificial Intelligence’ at Dartmouth Conference, Hanover, New Hampshire in 1956 under the guidance of John McCarthy. And the world came to know about the level of human thinking. Many things followed. LISP or list processing, the language used for AI was developed by John McCarthy in 1958. In 1970, world got its first expert system in the field of medical sciences for detecting blood infections, MYCIN. Prolog or programming in logic, one of the AI’s main languages was developed by Japanese in 1972. One big thing that really amazed world happened in 1991 when a human chess master was defeated by a computer.

And rest they say is history…

There are various fields where it has found a good response. The fields include:

* Game playing – Program a system for playing games like chess.

* Expert Systems – Create a knowledge base, help systems to take decisions based on their experience (knowledge in base).

* Human Sensory Systems – Emulate human senses of voice and vision.

* Neural networks – Attempt to reproduce connections (neurons) that exist in human brain and thus simulate intelligence.

* Robotics – A popular field. Program a system in such a way that it is able to see, understand and react to the external stimuli.

The ongoing success of adding intelligence to machines so that we fail to distinguish whether it’s a machine or a human being seems assured. However, the goal to duplicate human intelligence or the idea to create a clone of humans in intelligence is a bit controversial. We are successful in creating robots (machines) that are able to come up with answers in definite situations. But still not able to duplicate our daily circumstances. We face uncertain situations. To adjust to these, we require thinking and common sense. Thinking is a set of mental processes that go on in an unconscious mind. We do that deliberately also. Question still remains. If we are able to add this thinking in a deliberate way, can we ever achieve that higher level of sub – consciousness?

Yes, sometimes things should be left aside for time to answer. So can a computer be intelligent, think, understand and act at the same time, should not be questioned now?

Two Tier Casino Bankroll Support System

If you are to become successful at online gambling then you must first embrace the presence of fluctuation. The inevitable outcome of both winning and losing scenarios must be considered when devising a probable system.

The primal objective is long term profiteering, we must place aside the need for a huge one off jackpot, this is not our goal. Despite what you now believe, you must develop the mindset for long term and progressive winning solutions. Our goal is the long term, this must be revised and introduced respectively and will become your only advantage against the house.

It is the bankroll that controls your casino winning strategies and therefore your profiteering operation. The fundamental source behind any worthwhile income generated through gambling is down to this factor alone. Note that by sustaining the bankroll, we can sustain your advantage and your ability to develop an upswing conversion over time.

What the two tier support system does is include summation with regard to fluctuating properties. Simply by dividing the bankroll into two equal parts we can derive an action amount, and a support amount.

The two tier bankroll support measure is best used when played against games of high fluctuation probability, such as roulette and slot machines.

We begin by using the action betting amount of the bankroll, remember this will be half your original full bankroll amount. We then play double or nothing bets like red or black, odds or even stakes. On every winning bet, we double the next bet and continue using the action amount.

If we are winning, then we are doubling the next advance, the returns will grow if an upswing occurs. If however a losing bet is experienced, then we no longer use the action column and revert the support amount.

When using the support amount bankroll, our next bet is half of the original losing bet. We does this until we eventually regain our winning position within the action amount once again.

Now as fluctuation occurs in a random fashion, every winning experience doubles over time, bringing back more than 20 percent in capital. On the losing experience, the follow up bet is reduced by half, therefore the more you win, the more you bet and the more return. The more you lose, the smaller the bets become. Therefore creating a sustainable bankroll.

The aim is to ride the fluctuation to a point of a 50 percent profit, the art of using bankroll balancing columns can be tricky. It does require patience and it can be achieved through practice.

Look for the largest value between the action amount and the supporting amount, if this margin is over 30 percent in growth on the action, and less than 20 percent on the support, then your overall 50 percent has been achieved.

Leave the roulette table and repeat.

How To Claim Casino Tax Refunds

Playing casino and other gambling games is a fun experience more so at the United States which is considered to be a gambling hot spot. This is because the amount of the casino winnings at the United States is very lucrative compared to other countries. But many people are unaware, that about one third of amount won in jackpots and games go as tax to the government. In the US you will be taxed 30% on your winning amount and it is by the law to withhold 30% of the winning.

However, after certain period of time you can claim for refund of the tax amount so paid. Claiming for casino tax refunds depends on your country of origin. Certain steps can be followed for this purpose.

· Keep a track of all your winnings, amounts etc. as these are required in case of claiming the refund. Maintaining a track will help you to understand how much refund are you supposed to get back. This can be kept in the form of a receipt, ticket, record or statement.

· If you have won the game and want to claim for the casino tax refund, then you should contact a professional casino refund service. A reputed and a professional casino refund service can guide you through all the procedures for claiming the refund. Such professionals are aware of all the forms required and most importantly they know the tax laws of US as well as of your country of origin.

· If you are from a country like Canada then you may not be refunded the full amount because of a tax treaty signed between Canada and the US. But a professional casino refund service can get you the maximum amount of your refund. and if you belong to any of the countries like Czech Republic, Germany, Denmark, Ukraine, South Africa, Tunisia, Slovenia, Slovak Republic and likewise, then you will be getting the full amount of your refund. The citizens of these countries can set off their game losses with the winnings and can claim for tax refunds too without any difficulties. This comes as a benefit for the winners of the treaty countries and states.

· The main documents that would be needed to claim for casino tax refund are your driving license or passport. The voter’s registration or birth certificate can also be submitted to validate your identity. Also remember to mention your tax id in the USA. Other related documents can be guided by the casino refund services itself.

· You can file for a casino tax refund within three years of winning. So if you have not thought about getting any money back and the three year period has not lapsed, you can still apply for refund claim.

· In case you have US ITIN number then the claim takes about nine weeks to get settled. But in case, you do not possess the number, the refund of tax may take a little longer, about twelve to fifteen weeks.

· There are many companies in the World Wide Web which offer casino tax recovery services. All you will have to do is mention your ITIN (if you have) and give proof of your identity. Even if you do not have the number, the refund companies will work independently in helping you get your share.

Thus, whether you have won from tournament games, bingo, slot machines, keno, dog or horse wagering and paid the mandatory tax to the IRS, you can claim for a refund. Now you have more reasons to play, win and celebrate!

How To Avoid The Pitfalls Of Gambling

Gambling is an activity full of fun and enjoyment, if you treat it with respect. This is the reason why alot of people now chose online gambling over casino gambling – it is easier to step back from the computer, in your own home, than it is to step back from the action in a casino. In a casino is easy to get carried away with the atmosphere and the adrenaline, whereas in the comfort of your own home, surrounded by your possessions and your loved ones, it’s easier to be realistic and decide when enough is enough.

It is a sad fact that some people can become addicted to gambling, and it is very important to remain vigilant and recognise when it is time to walk away from the table! It must be remembered at all times that gambling is for fun and entertainment, the minute it starts getting too serious is the minute you are probably out of your league – you should be in it for fun: if you win great, if you lose then that shouldn’t be a problem either.

It is important to remember that even though you are not actually passing physical paper money over, it is coming off your debit or credit card! Make sure to keep track of your credits, and set yourself a ‘budget’ that you are allowed to play with. If you go over this budget then you are playing out of your own rules, and fooling nobody but yourself.

Be aware of the adrenaline rush that everyone gets when gambling – this rush can occur when you are winning or losing, and it is at this point that you need to be very wary – adrenaline makes you do things you wouldn’t normally rationally do, so try not to get too swept up in the moment! Alcohol and drugs have the same kind of effect – avoid gambling when intoxicated! There’s nothing worse than waking up the morning after the night before with a heap more trouble than just a horrendous hangover (and that’s bad enough as we all well know!) Also be wary of when you are ‘on a roll’, because unfortunately the good times can end quite quickly without you being prepared for it!

Do not chase money that you have lost and know when it is time to quit. Also only gamble with an amount you feel comfortable with. It shouldn’t be the lure of the money that makes you gambling but just the sheer enjoyment of it – I love gambling, and love the feeling of winning, but the bets I put on are tiny!

Take the time to really learn your game – there is absolutely no point in being a gambling virgin and going into your first game all guns blazing. Knowing what you are doing and the rules of the game are really of enormous benefit, especially if you actually want to be in with a chance of winning!

At the end of the day, you just have to enjoy gambling for what it is – a fun way to spend some time. Treat it with respect and you are bound to have a great time!